es or son

Posts: 0
United States
Aug 19, 2011
Jul 15, 2018 at 7:40am

On the "Write the phrase you read" section:
Is (it) fourteen pesos? (It)’s not very expensive, (I) want one, please.

son catorce pesos? no es muy caro. quiero uno por favor

Should it be "es catorce pesos?" since it is talking about one ticket. If the question was "they are fourteen pesos" meaning the group of tickets, then it would be "son catorce pesos"

Posts: 0
San Diego, CA
United States
Sep 17, 2012
Jul 15, 2018 at 11:04am

If you were mentioning the amount of tickets in the sentence, you would say "un ticket es catorce pesos", and "dos ticketes son catorce pesos". In the exercice, the person asks for one ticket, and the teller replies "that'll be 14 pesos", so in that case, you must reference the amount of pesos, and not the amount of tickets. If the amount of tickets was 14, and the amount total was 14, then yes it would be the same whether the sentence refers to the amount of tickets or the total in pesos.

Posts: 0
Sep 25, 2016
Jul 19, 2018 at 6:08am

In English we talk about the cost of a purchase as singular, regardless of whether the amount is $1 or more or whether the purchase includes one item or several. For example, after a cashier scans all of our items, we may ask, "How much is it?" As in, "how much is the total?" "It is 14 dollars even."

In Spanish, when talking about exact cost in currency, the use of es/son is determined by the number of pesos, for example. When talking about the general cost (caro/barato), the use of es/son is determined by the number of items. That's why you see the change in the example from the workout. First "son" is used to express the exact cost, then "es" to describe general cost of one item.

Here are some examples.

Cuanto cuesta este caramelo? Son 10 pesos.
Esas maletas son caras o baratas? Las pequenas son baratas, pero las grandes son caras.
Esta chaqueta es barata, verdad? Si, solo son 100 pesos!

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