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Genitive Case

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lharr1963
Posts: 0
Fairport, New York
Registered:
Aug 27, 2016
Nov 30, 2018 at 4:57pm

I have a question about one of the exercises. In Match the words the phrase is "ist das die Nummer des Studenten" and the answer is "Is that the Student's(m) number" So, I know this is the genitive. If we are talking about male students (plural) isn't it die Studenten so shouldn't it be der Studenten for the genitive case and not des Studenten?

Emilie Poyet
Posts: 0
Barcelona, Catalunya
United States
Registered:
Dec 1, 2010
Dec 4, 2018 at 8:13am

Hi Iharr1963, you're right that it can be confusing here because of the 's end the EN at the end of Student, yet here the phrase is about one male student (singular), which is why the article is "des".
The 's in English is used to mark the possessive here, not the plural
And the "en" at the end of "Student" in German is here because Student is part of a special group of masculine nouns that we call "weak masculines" in German grammar. All these nouns, like der Student, der Name, der Kollege etc take on a final EN in any case but the Nominative case (subject).
if you want to review them you can go back to the tutorial of German 4 session 9.
If we were referring to several students though, you're right that the phrase would be: Ist das die Nummer der Studenten? /Is that the students'(p/m) number?
Hope this helps!

lharr1963
Posts: 0
Fairport, New York
Registered:
Aug 27, 2016
Dec 4, 2018 at 4:48pm

Thank you Emilie, yes, confusing, I will review session 9. I do see in my notes for that session that I wrote something about this, but it has not sunk in yet I guess. Thanks again

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